How to Become a Scientist in India: Qualification, Salary All You Need to Know

Who is a scientist?

Scientists who discover something in different kinds of fields. 

A scientist is a person whose profession is doing research in various fields, to provide support to the world by giving new ideas to the world so it can grow day by day. 

A scientist is a professional who researches, gathers information, and accordingly delivers updates to the world. 

Scientists play a major role in this universe because they are able to figure out the conditions and warn us about any upcoming problems. 

It’s a dream of all the students who are passionate about the field of science, let’s discuss them.

What are the qualification Criteria?

Qualify 10th and 12th from a board by State, CBSE, ICSE with PCB or PCMB with 70 % aggregate. Must have a bachelor’s degree from a reputed college or institute with 60 % – If a student also has a master’s degree then it should be 65 % minimum. 

What type of scientist?

Type of scientists in India


With their specialization in crop production, soil control, and soil Management, they are studying how to make sustainable ways to make soils & plants more effective.

Average base salary: INR 1.8 L – INR 9.5 L

Computer Scientist

Computer Scientists specialize in computer programming, coding, developing software & applications, and testing software. They are the engineers who mainly focus on hardware and computer scientists. 

Average base salary: INR 35 L – INR 1 CR


An Ecologist specializes in plants, animals, and environments, they are studying how to assess the interrelationship between organisms & their environment. 

Average base salary: INR 80 K – INR 5 L


Also, called Earth Scientists, they specialize in geophysics and geological materials, they are studying seismic activity such as energy waves that occur inside the Earth. 

Average base salary: INR 15 L – INR 25 L

Marine Biologist

Marine Biologist specialize in oceans, they are studying organisms and ecosystems in the ocean and in saltwater. 

Average base salary: INR 7 L – INR 35 L


Geneticists specialize in genes, they study genes and perform experiments on model organisms. 

Average base salary: INR 6 L – INR 10 L


A Paleontologist specializes in fossils. They study fossils to trace our ancient life.

Average base salary: INR 14 L – INR  20 L


Astronomers are specialized in astronomical objects like – planets, stars, black holes, pulsars, etc.

Average base salary: INR 20 L – INR 35 L


A Cytologist specializes in detecting anomalies in cells due to diseases.

Average base salary: INR 4 L – INR 20 L


Environmental Geologists specialize in Geology, they study the earth’s processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. 

Average base salary: INR 4 L – INR 18 L


A Botanist specialize in plants also called plant scientists or pathologists, they are studying about the plant kingdom and how they are affecting our environment. 

Average base salary: INR 5 L – INR 15 L


A Chemist specializes in chemistry, they study the composition of matter and its properties. 

Average base salary: INR 2 L – INR 10 L


A Physicist specializes in physics, they are exploring the laws that control our natural world.

Average base salary: INR 7 – INR 25 L

How to Become a Scientist in India at ISRO?

Candidate should have a Ph.D. qualification and then can do live registration on the ISRO website. The degree should be in Engineering with a 65 % aggregate. ICRB exam conducted by ISRO, candidate must have part of this. 

ISRO Salary

Profile Salary
Scientist/ Engineer- SD INR 15,600 – INR 39,100
Scientist/ Engineer- SE INR 15,600 – INR 39,100
Scientist/ Engineer- SF INR 37,400 – INR 67,000
Scientist/ Engineer- SG INR 37,400 – INR 67,000

Scientist/ Engineer INR 37,400 – INR 67,000

Outstanding Scientist INR 67,000 -INR 79,000 

Distinguished Scientist INR 75,500 -INR 80,000 

How to Become a Scientist at NASA?

Indians can also become scientists at NASA but you will have to become a permanent resident of the US, to follow some kind of procedure like : 

You should be a permanent resident in the US for a minimum of 5 years.

If you are married to a US citizen then you should be a permanent citizen for a minimum of 3 years. 

A master’s degree in physical, and biological science is the basics. 

Note: If you are 18 years old & meet with above requirements then you can fill out N-400 & complete all the formalities as per US government policies, For more details please visit NASA’s official websites.


Editorial Team of Mera Xaam.

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